What is Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT)?


We can all experience difficult times in our lives that we may require help and support with. Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) is an evidence based therapy commonly used to treat depression and anxiety, but it can be useful for treating other mental and physical health problems.


CBT emphasises the relationship between our thoughts, emotions, behaviours and physical symptoms (as seen in the diagram above). What often maintains the problem, keeping us trapped in the vicious cycle is our thoughts (what goes through our mind) and our behaviours (what we do/how we respond). CBT helps to break this vicious cycle by learning to manage our thought processes and put into place more helpful behaviours/coping strategies.  As all the areas in the diagram are interconnected, changes in both our thoughts and behaviours would be expected to impact our emotions and our physical symptoms, reducing overwhelming feelings and your improving day to day functioning.


Together in therapy you and I will work together to break down your problems into the separate parts (as detailed in the diagram), we will analyse these parts together to identify what is maintaining your difficulties, and then apply CBT techniques to overcome difficulties and reduce emotional intensity. In my practice I aim to provide you with the skills to independently manage your difficulties in the here and now, but also to explore how you may use the CBT skills learnt to manage any future difficulties. CBT skills are lifelong skills if regularly practiced and integrated into your daily living.



Can CBT Help Me?


Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) is an evidenced based treatment, backed by substantial research. The National Institute of Clinical Excellence (NICE) recommends CBT for:

  • Depression

  • Generalized Anxiety (Worry/Nerves)

  • Health Anxiety

  • Social Anxiety

  • Specific Phobias (Fears)

  • Panic Disorder (Panic Attacks)

  • Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)

  • Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (Traumatic incidents and distressing memories)

You can access NICE guidelines here: https://www.nice.org.uk/


There is further evidence that suggests CBT may be helpful in treating:

  • Anger

  • Stress

  • Sleep Problems

  • Chronic Pain

  • Low Self Esteem


You may be able to identify with, and be experiencing some of the above difficulties. If you would like to explore whether CBT may be a suitable option for you, please do contact us to discuss the current difficulties you are experiencing, to identify your therapy goals and  explore together how CBT can support you in making progress towards and achieving your goals!

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